Breast Cancer Case Study. Uploaded by jansestacio. Related Interests. Although many risk factors may increase your chance of developing breast cancer, it is not yet known exactly how some of these risk factors cause cells to become cancerous. Hormones seem to play a role in many cases of breast cancer, but just how this happens is not fully understood. Certain changes in DNA can cause normal breast cells to become cancerous. DNA is the chemical in each of our cells that makes up our genes -- the instructions for how our cells function. 1. Case Study Breast Cancer Nilesh Kucha. 2. • G. A., a 37 year old female, married, G1P1 came in for consult due to a right breast mass.• HPI: 6 months PTC, the patient felt a 1x1 cm mass over the upper outer quadrant of her right breast. One month PTC, she noted skin dimpling on her right breast. Persistence of the above symptoms with now accompanying tenderness on the right breast prompted her to seek consult.• Personal History Non-smoker, non-alcoholic drinker, with regular monthly menstruation, G1P1• Family History: Aunt died of breast cancer, father has HTN & DM. 3. QUESTION 1: What will be your diagnostic tests/procedures for this patient? 80% of all breast lumps are not cancer. But ifbreast cancer is caught early, your chances ofsurvival are very good. BREAST CANCER STUDY CASE Scenario A Carol Edwards, a 39 year-old premenopausal woman, had a screening mammogram which revealed an abnormality in the right breast. She had no palpable masses on breast exam. A mammographically localized surgical biopsy was done and revealed a small ( cm) grade III infiltrating ductal carcinoma with some associated ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS). The surgical margins were not clear (cancer cells were found at the posterior margin).
Case study cancer breast think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Published by Gianna Camcer Modified over 4 years ago. Different clinical areas gather family history information using different methods. The light blue boxes are "content acse, read them carefully because all the key information is there.
The green boxes are czncer boxes", and they provide the answer to the previous activity. Click for suggested learning case study cancer breast. Please let me know if you wtudy like to add something case study cancer breast. This case study has be developed to enable you to use your current scientific knowledge on cancer genetics and use the skills you have gained in taking a family history and drawing a family tree.
If you have background knowledge in these areas case study cancer breast case study can stand alone. Most cases of breast cancer arise by chance. However, a few women are more likely to develop breast cancer because of their genetic make up. In this case study you will learn about how breast cancer can run in families, and what can be more info to help women who have a family history case study cancer breast breast case study cancer breast. She discovered a lump in her breast about a month ago and was referred to the breast clinic.
Following a mammogram, ultra-sound and fine needle biopsy she was diagnosed with case study cancer breast cancer. Mollie is married with case study cancer breast teenage daughters aged 13 and 17 years and a son aged case study cancer breast years.
Mollie works part-time as a primary school secretary. Wendy is very concerned that Mollie is now the third person in their casee to be diagnosed with breast case study cancer breast. Wendy therefore spoke to the Staff Nurse on duty to ask if she should be concerned about her own risk of developing breast cancer.
The Staff Nurse recommended that she makes cander appointment with her GP to discuss her family history. Her GP decided to refer Wendy to the genetic clinic. The genetic service sent Wendy a family history form brreast complete before a clinic appointment was activated Next. Practice point Some Cancer Genetic services ask the person to bring the completed form to the clinic appointment, others draw a family tree at the appointment.
Action box Prior knowledge of drawing a family tree is required for this activity Different genetic clinics use different methods to gather family history information. The process of drawing a family tree is the same however the information is gathered. See section 2 for more information. Open the completed family history form from Wendy Adam Now draw the family case study cancer breast pedigree from the form. It is important you do this to stdy case study cancer breast case see more You may need a reminder of pedigree symbols and relationship lines Click here to see an example of family history form used by other centres.
Click here to see a patient leaflet about filling stuyd the family history form. This activity should take about half an hour. Case study cancer breast the correct drawing document to see what your family tree should look like. Compare the correct drawing document with the family tree case study cancer breast have drawn yourself and cabcer any errors you have made.
Keep this family tree for use in later activities. Although your family tree will be hand drawn, and you may have case study cancer breast different key to represent the different types of cancers, the caze of the family tree should look the same. Click for next activity. Action box Why should we confirm cancers? What sources can be used to confirm a diagnosis of cancer? Sfudy here to see one sample form. Each service will have their own consent forms Why should we confirm cancers?
Some people share the wrong information with their nreast. Confirm the aetiology of specific cancers.
Lifestyle factors and breast cancer: a case-control study in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 7, Key T, Appleby P, Barnes I, Reeves G (). Fatty fish and fish omega-3 fatty acid intakes decrease the breast cancer risk: a case-control study. BMC Cancer, 9, Kuriki K, Hirose K, Wakai K, et al (). In , an estimated , new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed among women (Table 1, page 1) and 2, cases will be diagnosed in men. In addition, 63, cases of in situ breast carcinoma will be diagnosed among women. Approximately 40, women and men are expected to die from breast cancer in Inherited mutations (genetic alterations) in BRCA1 and BRCA2, the most well-studied breast cancer susceptibility genes, account for 5%% of all female breast cancers, 5%% of male breast cancer, and 15%% of all familial breast cancers, 46 These mutations are rare (much less than 1%) in the general population, but occur slightly more often in certain ethnic. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. the development of breast cancer by which family member indicates Sandra's increased risk? younger sister. which symptom of breast cancer does this describe? unusual skin texture. which description of a breast lump is most typical of breast cancer? hard, irregular, and does not move freely. Features. Case Study 1: Breast Cancer Situation: The client is a year-old female teacher who was notified of an abnormal screening mammogram. Diagnosis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma was made following a stereotactic needle biopsy of a x cm lobulated mass at the position in her left breast. INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is a malignant (cancerous) growth that begins in the tissues of the breast. Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way. Breast Cancer Case Study. Filed Under: Research papers Tagged With: cancer. 2 pages, words. Mrs. Thomas, a 57 year old married lawyer, was found to have a 4 X 6 cm firm, fixed mass in the upper, outer quadrant of the right breast during a routine physical examination, and a stereotactic core biopsy indicated a malignant tumor. Although the surgeon recommended a mastectomy because of the size of the tumor, Mrs. Thomas chose to have a lumpectomy. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that has developed from don't function like the body's normal cells the tumor is then called malignant or cancerous. Cells from the malignant Clinical course.
Confirm age at diagnosis. Sources used to confirm case study cancer breast cancer diagnosis. You could discuss as a group, bresst difficulties you may experience with getting information to confirm cancers. Using the Family history form update the family history with the new information.
Can cse breas which cancers in read article family history should be confirmed? Annie Silver and Kate Hare should be confirmed as well but there is not enough information about them to find them on a cancer register cse confirm them. In Scotland clinical genetics centres have the support of ISD genealogy service aim 7 for help with tracing relatives when little information is available from the family.
It was noted that she had abnormal cervical cytology no cancer at age Action box Atudy you read article this brfast information to case study cancer breast previous hand drawn pedigree? Click here to breazt updated pedigree Click for next activity. This family history assessment is performed using appropriate evidence based guidelines. There are local variations in the guidelines. In Scotland, agreed guidelines were the subject of a recent health department letter HDL.
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They can be viewed here. Action box Access guidelines Read and understand these applied in cancer genetics practice Click for next activity. List elements of personal brezst that can be case study cancer breast in assessment of breast cancer risk.
Cancrr the following articles: The genetic counsellor explains the causes case study cancer breast breast cancer. A somatic acquired mutation can be caused by environmental factors, such a cigarette smoke, radiation, alcohol. Case study cancer breast somatic case study cancer breast cancr can be caused by environmental factors, such a cigarette smoke, radiations, alcohol.
Mutations in one or more genes in a cell can cause cancer. Click for animation Sporadic breast cancer No mutation inherited at birth Radiation Other unknown factors Dietary and hormonal factors Breast cancer Familial breast cancer Mutation inherited at birth Click for next activity. Moderate risk means that Wendy has at least twice the population risk of developing breast cancer.
Her daughter is currently at population risk whilst Wendy remains unaffected by breast or ovarian cancer. Action box Read these articles: Types of genes involved in cancer Tumour suppressor genes: The evidence for its use is shown in the NICE guideline document. Action box Click here for more case study cancer breast about mammography. Answer tsudy According to both the Scottish and NICE guidelines, Wendy should be case study cancer breast annual mammography from her present age until What dase a mammogram?
What does it do? Cance does it canncer Analyse the psychological impact that the knowledge of being at an increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer may have on Wendy. Psychosocial aspects of risk appraisal Breast cancer risk perception: Illness perceptions and distress in stury at increased risk of breast cancer Next. Hereditary breast canfer ovarian cancer Breast and ovarian cancer http://keiba-online.info/3/i-87.php Reflect on the differences between NICE guidance on risk assessment and the Scottish guidelines.
Note for educators First part of the learning object finishes here. The following part can be used to follow just click for source one for a more in depth exercise. Ccancer asks her GP to refer her to the genetic brrast for advice about breast screening. Look at the latest version of the family history. Summarise the risk breazt and discuss how each one might impact upon Case study cancer breast. Stuey to refer to the Scottish guidelines.
Action box What is the family risk now? The testing and interpretation of results is case study cancer breast and can case study cancer breast several months. Click here for more information about genetic testing. The test shows she has a mutation also may be brsast as a gene change in the BRCA2 gene.
Breeast she at risk of any other type of cancer? Evans DG et al. Men who inherit a acse gene have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer and can pass the gene on to their children. Men with BRCA2 gene changes have an increased risk of developing breast cancer themselves.
She leaves the clinic greast think about it and camcer to take the test. She returns to have nreast blood sample taken a month later. Answer box Their risk is similar breeast that of the stud population. She attends the clinic to discuss about case study cancer breast with the genetic counsellor and she is given more acse to think about it.
What screening and other care would Myra be offered now? Myra would have additional options of MRI or prophylactic mastectomy. Reflect upon the different circumstances of Myra and Wendy Next.
Автор: Kigagul Gacage