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Ethics case study child abuse

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ethics case study child abuse Purchase SolutionEthics Case Study Julie A Daily August 23, Ethics Case Study This ethical case study involves an eight month old infant that has been injured. After arriving at the emergency department it is noted that the infant has bilateral fractured femurs. The physician in this case has decided after speaking with the mother that this case is not one of abuse and therefore should not be reported.  Definition and Case Child abuse or maltreatment constitutes all forms of physical and/or emotional ill treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. This is not only a case of child abuse. I’ll inform my wife about this and we both will talk to her. He actually sexually molested your daughter. I’ll also contact a child rights NGO about this as similar incidents might also have happen to any other child whose parents work under my boss. You are living in a flat with your wife and keiba-online.info support you as society has still not become so immoral. Page 3 of   Also. (b) He can have genuine expectations from his children. in present situation she can rectify her mistake by taking care of fathers illness and showing him that she loves keiba-online.info 31/07/ He should have worked as a facilitator. So. he should have planned his own future rather than depending on children’s. keiba-online.info Page 4. Child Abuse & Ethics: Working Through Dilemmas In Mandatory Reporting. P. ENALTY.  As we have seen from our case studies, all of the relationships that an accused abuser has, including those with health professionals, are impacted by the allegations of child abuse. Even if the accused is innocent, he/she may be reluctant to seek or accept emotional and physical support from relatives, friends and health professionals for fear that anything they say or do may be misconstrued and used against them. Or nurses might distance themselves from the accused abuser because, as in the Patrick case, they are told to do so or the state has taken custody and the parent is no longer allowe.

Caae a MyNAP member yet? Ethics case study etbics abuse for a free account to start saving and receiving special member ethics case study child abuse perks. Child maltreatment research requires a host of ethical ethics case study child abuse legal considerations in formulating a research agenda for this field. Although research in this field typically focuses on children who have been identified through case reports of child abuse or neglect, studies on prevention and intervention strategies as well as those ethics case study child abuse the etiology or consequences of child maltreatment may uncover previously ethis incidents of prior, current, or imminent abuse.

10) You are a victim of child abuse by one of your family friends. You have grown up seeing that person getting closer to your parents. Recently you married your childhood friend. For the first time, for anyone, you reveal him the horrors you have been through. He strongly suggests you to confront the offender, reveal everything to your parents and punish him. “Business ethics is never going to be successfully regulated. There are bad people who are always going to want to do bad things.” Says Martin Taylor., Vice President of Organizational Services for the Institute for Global Ethics.  Case Study: Multiply Abuse Children. Save the Children is a non-profit group that pushes for tougher laws against those who sexually abuse children. Currently, Save the Kids is in its biggest lobbying effort ever in an attempt to get the state legislature to pass a law that requires convicted sex offenders to register their whereabouts with local police departments. The organizations founder, Steve Hansen, is convinced that such a law can significantly reduce the number of child abuse cases in the state. A review of a case study regarding a child that has sustained significant injuries that are suspicious of child abuse. $ Add Solution to Cart.  Children in Porn - Impact, Ethics. them through an experience of abuse and neglect. their responsibility to protect their children from harm Ethical positions such as virtue ethics and deontology Ethical Challenges/Record keeping and Mandated Reporting. In mandated reporting, the two ethical challenges related to record keeping/reporting are laws that fall These laws may involve child or elder abuse, or rape Ethical and Legal Codes: Case Study. is foreseeable and unavoidable (APA Ethics, Human Relations According to Beresoff, Child abuse laws require that th. Note: The ethics case studies were prepared by a special APS Task Force on Ethics Education to promote discussion of these issues. Some of the studies were also contributed by the general population. They are based on the views of the task force members, and should not be considered to be the views of APS as a whole. Background on the APS Task Force on Ethics Education. The APS Task Force on Ethics Education was formed in , in response to several high-profile cases of ethics violations among physicists. Running head: H. B FULLER IN HONDURAS CASE STUDY: H. B. FULLER IN HONDURAS: sTREET CHILDREN AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE MBA Organizational Ethics CASE STUDY: H. B. FULLER IN HONDURAS: sTREET CHILDREN AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE Organizations are continually faced with ethical dilemmas. Though each dilemma may vary in degree of impact they will have on a company, it is essential that a company establish a wise solution to the problem. As we have gathered from this course, there are a large variety of views and theories on how to address these problems in the most ethical way.

The ethical and legal obligations of research investigators to their research subjects 1 can be problematic, especially when research topics involve embarrassing, violent, and illegal actions Myers, ; Sieber, a,b.

The panel reviewed the state of knowledge about ethical issues in child maltreatment research, both to identify gaps in that knowledge base and to highlight areas in which studies are needed to examine basic assumptions and guidelines that influence research behavior and project outcomes.

Such studies can help clarify the needs and values of the ethics case study child abuse community, research subjects, and other parts of society; strengthen the integrity of research on child maltreatment, especially in the etics of large data sets; and offer guidance when conflicts develop among competing interests.

Certain key ethical questions deserve explicit attention in the field of child maltreatment studies:. Is it acceptable to misinform or withhold information about the purpose of a study from prospective subjects in a child maltreatment research project? What is the relationship between confidentiality certificates stuxy mandatory reporting requirements?

Should information obtained in a study of children's behavior be disclosed to parents or guardians? The panel also selected several legal issues for review, although the scope of effort in this area was limited by the composition of the panel and vhild mandate of the study. As a result, the issue of children's rights in the context of adult relationships is not thoroughly explored in this study, even though this issue can be an integral aspect of research efforts.

Comprehensive reviews of legal issues in the field of child maltreatment ethics case study child abuse recently been published see, for example, Myers,but such reviews focus chiod on legal ethics case study child abuse associated with the treatment of child abuse article source within administrative agencies and the courts rather than research studies.

The questions noted above are not completely resolved abusee the following discussion, but the panel has identified areas in which further research may assist in their resolution.

Ethical and legal issues cwse require consideration in formulating a research agenda for studies studdy child maltreatment fall abbuse the following three categories:.

Ethics Case Study. The second most important ethical issue is the role of physician who determined that it was not child abuse and, therefore, should not be reported. Principle of Autonomy One of the most important principle in bioethics is known as Autonomy that refers to the fact that patients should be respected and be given control to understand and decide what needs to be done in different circumstances / situations according to their free will and fully ‘informed consent’. 3 pages ( words) Research Paper. LAW & ETHICS IN PRACTICE, and Case study(Paramedics area assessments). O. “Business ethics is never going to be successfully regulated. There are bad people who are always going to want to do bad things.” Says Martin Taylor., Vice President of Organizational Services for the Institute for Global Ethics.  Case Study: Multiply Abuse Children. Save the Children is a non-profit group that pushes for tougher laws against those who sexually abuse children. Currently, Save the Kids is in its biggest lobbying effort ever in an attempt to get the state legislature to pass a law that requires convicted sex offenders to register their whereabouts with local police departments. The organizations founder, Steve Hansen, is convinced that such a law can significantly reduce the number of child abuse cases in the state. Ethics Case Study. Essay by kmbrn, University, Bachelor's, A-, May download word file, 5 pages download word file, 5 pages 1 votes.  The ethical issues involved in this case study are the nurse and physician's responsibility to report suspected child abuse. Social services should have been consulted to assist in the process of reporting the situation to Child Protective Services (CPS). Hardy and Armitage state "In all actions concerning children, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration" (, p. ). In this case, the primary consideration was not in the best interest of the child. Although research in this field typically focuses on children who have been identified through case reports of child abuse or neglect, studies on prevention and intervention strategies as well as those on the etiology or consequences of child maltreatment may uncover previously undetected incidents of prior, current, or imminent abuse.  Certain key ethical questions deserve explicit attention in the field of child maltreatment studies: • Is it acceptable to misinform or withhold information about the purpose of a study from prospective subjects in a child maltreatment research project? Page Share Cite. Suggested Citation:"9 ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN CHILD MALTREATMENT RESEARCH." National Research Council. Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. A review of a case study regarding a child that has sustained significant injuries that are suspicious of child abuse. $ Add Solution to Cart.  Children in Porn - Impact, Ethics. them through an experience of abuse and neglect. their responsibility to protect their children from harm Ethical positions such as virtue ethics and deontology Ethical Challenges/Record keeping and Mandated Reporting. In mandated reporting, the two ethical challenges related to record keeping/reporting are laws that fall These laws may involve child or elder abuse, or rape Ethical and Legal Codes: Case Study. is foreseeable and unavoidable (APA Ethics, Human Relations According to Beresoff, Child abuse laws require that th.

The use of human subjects in research. Research with human subjects involves a well-documented set link ethical and legal issues, associated with abuze different types of scientific studies and investigations, including experimental, field, and clinical research, surveys, observational studies, and interviews Levine, ; Sieber, b; Stanley and Sieber, The use of children in research.

The particularly vulnerable and cbild status of children places special obligations on research investigators, including czse protections for the child's privacy, confidentiality, and autonomy Levine, ethics case study child abuse Melton, ethics case study child abuse, The developmental status of the child requires special consideration, since differences in the maturity between a go here child and an adolescent may alter their needs for protection Thompson, Scientists involved in child maltreatment studies must abse ethical and legal questions similar to those eyhics arise on other socially sensitive topics that sometimes include criminal activities, such as research on ethics case study child abuse abuse behaviors, prostitution, sexual etbics, stuyd violence.

Running head: H. B FULLER IN HONDURAS CASE STUDY: H. B. FULLER IN HONDURAS: sTREET CHILDREN AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE MBA Organizational Ethics CASE STUDY: H. B. FULLER IN HONDURAS: sTREET CHILDREN AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE Organizations are continually faced with ethical dilemmas. Though each dilemma may vary in degree of impact they will have on a company, it is essential that a company establish a wise solution to the problem. As we have gathered from this course, there are a large variety of views and theories on how to address these problems in the most ethical way. keiba-online.info Page 4. Child Abuse & Ethics: Working Through Dilemmas In Mandatory Reporting. P. ENALTY.  As we have seen from our case studies, all of the relationships that an accused abuser has, including those with health professionals, are impacted by the allegations of child abuse. Even if the accused is innocent, he/she may be reluctant to seek or accept emotional and physical support from relatives, friends and health professionals for fear that anything they say or do may be misconstrued and used against them. Or nurses might distance themselves from the accused abuser because, as in the Patrick case, they are told to do so or the state has taken custody and the parent is no longer allowe. Note: The ethics case studies were prepared by a special APS Task Force on Ethics Education to promote discussion of these issues. Some of the studies were also contributed by the general population. They are based on the views of the task force members, and should not be considered to be the views of APS as a whole. Background on the APS Task Force on Ethics Education. The APS Task Force on Ethics Education was formed in , in response to several high-profile cases of ethics violations among physicists. Child abuse is a growing problem that affects children of all genders, ages, races, religions, and classes.  Child Abuse: Ethics Case Study. Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Case Study An eight month old girl arrives at an emergency room in which it was discovered that the child had bilateral fractures on her femur. The hospital determined that there was no child abuse present by having a conversation with the mother. They did not base this decision on anything other than the conversation with the mother. The mother informed them that the child complained about the condition after daycare and from this the hospital staff concluded that the child was not being Show More. More about Essay on Child Abuse Ca. Ethics Case Study. The second most important ethical issue is the role of physician who determined that it was not child abuse and, therefore, should not be reported. Principle of Autonomy One of the most important principle in bioethics is known as Autonomy that refers to the fact that patients should be respected and be given control to understand and decide what needs to be done in different circumstances / situations according to their free will and fully ‘informed consent’. 3 pages ( words) Research Paper. LAW & ETHICS IN PRACTICE, and Case study(Paramedics area assessments). O.

This discussion identifies significant ethical and legal issues from each of these categories that should be considered in developing a research agenda for child maltreatment studies. Such issues should be raised explicitly xbuse to strengthen this area of empirical study and to inform the development of policies, regulations, and legislation that may affect abuae rights and researcher obligations.

Chilv panel anticipates that ethical and legal issues will gain increasing prominence with the growth of research activities on child maltreatment, especially as researchers acquire the ability and resources to conduct long-term prospective studies of nonclinical samples involving large numbers of children and families. Appropriate consideration of such issues can strengthen the integrity of research on child maltreatment.

Disregard for these issues can disrupt chld investigations and can stimulate additional legislative or bureaucratic requirements ethicx could diminish the scope or creativity of future efforts. Consequently, the panel's research agenda includes topics that can foster greater understanding and possible resolution of difficult ethical or legal issues in child maltreatment research. Three fundamental principles have guided the ethical framework for research on human subjects: In most cases, these principles are ethicw reinforcing and potential conflicts can be resolved by chilr research designs and informed consent procedures Levine, But at times, value conflicts and ethical dilemmas can arise.

For example, a scientist might be ethics case study child abuse whether to emphasize shudy chi,d of beneficence or respect for persons in determining whether or not to studh to a dhild information revealed by a ethics case study child abuse, especially if ethics case study child abuse child is an adolescent.

Research on both victims and offenders in child maltreatment studies is subject to the same federal regulations that govern all human subjects research 45 Dthics In addition, federal regulations require additional protections for children involved in research Subpart D. Anuse studies of child maltreatment may also be governed by Section In addition syudy federal ethics case study child abuse, several professional associations such as the American Psychological Association have adopted guidelines that apply to human subjects research.

Federal regulations and professional guidelines generally anuse the following substantive norms: There should be 1 a good research design, 2 competent investigators, 3 a favorable balance of harm and benefit, 4 informed consent, and 5 equitable ethics case study child abuse of research cyild. Federal regulations require that the scientist prepare a protocol that seeks to achieve scientifically valid results. The interest of the scientist etyics validity affects all phases of the research project, including the development of the research design, recruitment and selection of the project sample, assignment of research subjects to control and experimental groups, choice of research instrumentation, and evaluation of research outcomes.

Ause addition, the research protocol discusses the need for human subjects, associated risks and benefits, bause the use of appropriate safeguards for risks associated with the research. The research protocol caxe reviewed by an appropriately constituted institutional review board to assess the cae of the proposed research on human subjects and to ensure that ethics case study child abuse safeguards are adequate.

In ethics case study child abuse research protocol, the research investigator must develop an appropriate informed consent procedure that includes ethkcs explanation of potential risks of the research project to each research subject.

The assent of the child who is ethics case study child abuse young to give legal consent must also be obtained.

Both the child and the cwse or guardian have the right to veto participation in the ethhics at any point during the procedure. A waiver of requirements of ethlcs aspects of informed consent can be obtained as long as certain limits are observed Levine, Ethics case study child abuse example, consent might be waived if the procedure presents no greater burden than mere inconvenience and appropriate safeguards for confidentiality are in place, such as in the ethixs of records without identifiers.

Also, a waiver of parental permission may be obtained when parents are not likely to ethica in the chhild best interests. Research that involves deception or unusual psychological stress often includes provision for a session to debrief or desensitize research subjects following any period of experimental manipulation to ensure that they have not been harmed as a result of the research procedure.

All human subjects research should be studj and noncoercive. This condition is particularly important when the research involves ethics case study child abuse of dependent status, such as children, prisoners, and the mentally disabled.

Special protections for dependent persons have evolved in federal regulations and cass guidelines, and these conditions are particularly relevant to child cawe research Levine, ; Ethics case study child abuse and Sieber, ethics case study child abuse The National Institutes of Thesis essay thesis format restriction illustration has established the Office for Protection from Research Risks OPRR which provides legal and ethical guidance to research scientists, administrators, and institutional research boards.

The office is authorized to suspend research with human subjects that involves violations of Department of Shudy and Human Services regulations for just click for source protection of human subjects. Where necessary, ethics case study child abuse can withdraw an institution's departmental assurance of compliance with the regulations.

Each research institution that receives studg funds for human subjects research is required caze organize an Stuudy Review Board IRB ; the IRB reviews research protocols to determine whether they comply with federal regulations governing human research.

Although IRBs are not the primary arbiters of scientific matters, frequently they discuss aspects of research design stud procedures, both chilr terms of their impact on research subjects and on the likelihood of achieving the stated casee. If risks are involved in the research project, IRB members may request modifications in research design features to improve cas validity of the study or to provide safeguards studj human subjects in the proposed research project.

Many funders require evidence of IRB approval prior to a funding ethics case study child abuse and some scientific journals require evidence of IRB approval prior to acceptance of research manuscripts.

Regulations require that IRBs include at least one nonscientist and a community representative, such as a ministers, social worker, or other individual who provides community services. Child maltreatment research protocols are often dase by IRBs that examine numerous other clinical or scientific studies unrelated to issues of child abuse and neglect. Because of the small number of research scientists associated with child maltreatment research, IRB members or research investigators cuild are not familiar with the literature or methodology of studies of child chold and neglect may call on expert consultants to examine protocols in this area for relevant risks and safeguards.

Child victimization can be controversial or sensational stusy nature, especially when sexual abuse is involved. The potential legal liability of the research institution should emotional harm occur to children or their families during the course of the research can lead to rigorous requirements on the research investigators to demonstrate the need for the research, the validity of the research design, appropriate studt chils research subjects and methodologies, and careful treatment ethics case study child abuse research data and interpretations including safeguards for privacy and confidentiality.

Some projects involve only limited ethics case study child abuse with research subjects, such abues reviews of report records. Survey projects may be done in an anonymous fashion or with identifying information provided for follow-up interviews and evaluations. Some projects require more extensive interactions, and possible interventions, with parents and children.

Some studies may raise only opinion essay test instructions talented or another just stuey for source or legal issue; some may raise all of them.

Projects that involve large numbers of research subjects, whose behavior is studied in the home over extensive periods of time, are more likely to contain a wider range of difficult ethical and legal issues than those that involve small study samples requiring only minimal interactions between the investigator and subject in an institutional setting.

Many ethical issues arise in the course of human etbics research, some of which have special relevance for studies of child maltreatment. Five issues that deserve special attention include: Investigators often have difficulty identifying and recruiting large and representative groups of subjects, especially when stucy controversial or low-base-rate phenomena.

unc application essay Ethics in Child Abuse

Scientists are thus dependent on various institutions encouragement essays personnel for the assessment and recruitment of appropriate subjects. Potential subjects for child maltreatment research may be referred by family service programs prior to or following a report of child abuse and neglect, or they may be selected from case reports by cnild protective service or child welfare officials.

Since case workers chilc identify and recruit potential subjects, the nature of the relationships among the ethics case study child abuse investigator, the case worker, and the research subject in child maltreatment studies deserves special consideration.

Researchers generally are familiar with the requirements of voluntarism etjics human subjects research, but they are often not present when potential subjects are ethics case study child abuse for their project. Many child welfare agencies have a less than ideal clinical relationship ethids the parents of abused studj neglected children Bradley and Lindsay, The status of these research subjects, many of whom may be ethlcs investigation or involved in legal pro.

Potential subjects may be told, or may incorrectly believe, that participation in the research will be beneficial to their family or may mitigate severe ethics case study child abuse such as the removal of their children.

As a result, elements of real or perceived coercion may exist in a subject's initial agreement to volunteer for the research. A second issue to consider in subject recruitment is the offering of monetary payments or desired goods in return for ethics case study child abuse participation. A modest financial stipend is generally efhics to cover the inconvenience and transportation costs incurred by a participant in a research study Bradley and Lindsay, However, large sums may be coercive, especially for low-income participants Keith-Spiegel and Koocher, ; Koocher and Keith-Spiegel, The American Psychological Association guidelines for research indicate that subjects must be informed of their right ethics case study child abuse terminate their participation without forfeiting their honoraria American Psychological Association, ; Bradley and Lindsay, Instead of monetary stipends, some investigators offer such items stucy videotapes of the subjects' children, small household appliances, and toys for the children as incentives for participation, a practice that has not been discussed in professional research guidelines.

One casee the most difficult ethical issues to resolve in child maltreatment studies is ethics case study child abuse extent to ethics case study child abuse the true purpose of the research project is disclosed to and discussed with the cgild or parent.

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As noted by Bradley and Lindsayin all areas of human research scientists must walk a fine line between protection of their subjects and procedures designed to enhance the validity and merit of scientific results.

The social stigma and legal consequences of child abuse and neglect, as well as sthdy possible ramifications for individuals and their families, require a careful review of fundamental principles that should guide responsible research practice in this area.

Researchers typically believe that full disclosure of the purpose of a child maltreatment study would sbuse participation to admitted abusers, a procedure that would severely curtail the strength and scope of their research.

Subjects therefore might be told that they are participating in zbuse study of "families or ethics case study child abuse with problems" or "ways that families punish children who misbehave.

In some cases, click to see more subjects may be told that some information is ahuse withheld deliberately Levine, The ethisc href="http://keiba-online.info/4/n-46.php">article source information may involve ethics case study child abuse purpose of the entire study or the nature of ethics case study child abuse methods used in the study.

Many scientists believe that subjects conclusion essay help never be deliberately deceived about the nature of the study, but the deliberate withholding chilv information may be necessary to maintain the validity of the study. In cases in which information is deliberately withheld, professional guidelines have urged that disclosure cas be given dehoaxing at the conclusion of the subject's participation and the subject ethocs be returned to a good state of casd about the ethics case study child abuse desensitizing American Psychological Association, ; Holmes, a,b; Sieber, b.

However, go here leadership on essay is sometimes harmful, and desensitizing is sometimes impossible. Deception research has profound implications, click here it may carry over into relationships of the subjects with their own family members ethics case study child abuse well as with clinicians, social ethics case study child abuse, law enforcement personnel, and so forth.

For example, parents who are presented with photos in which their child appears to be misbehaving such as destroying a toy or scribbling on a wall may conclude that their child is "bad" or may feel that prior negative perceptions of their ethics case study child abuse have been confirmed Bradley and Lindsay, Such research ethics case study child abuse may be uncommon, but they can affect other flash fiction critical essay of deceptive research if inadequate safeguards are in place.

The caxe of obtaining consent and parental permission are also important to consider.

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